• Multi-prong improved data selection (trigger-detector-less data acquisition, deadtime-free frontend electronics, Field Programmable Array (FPGA) based online selection) plus distributed physics analysis (partial wave analysis of resonances, and multi-particle correlations) for rare signal events under high background conditions (multi-PByte/month) in anti-p-p, anti-p-A, and A-A collisions for the PANDA and CBM experiments at the future FAIR facility.

  • Extraction of high-precision nuclear parton distribution functions (nPDF) through global fits including the latest LHC p-A and A-A data. Extension of current gluon-saturation calculations (CGC, BFKL, TMD...) to NLO accuracy with resummation corrections, for observables with three jets and with heavy-quarks. Calculation of multi-particle correlations issuing from initial-state PDF effects to separate them from final-state hydrodynamic effects in small systems (p-p, p-A collisions).

  • Development of novel experimental and theoretical techniques for jet physics in A-A collisions, providing a reference implementation of jet interactions in a QGP via a full heavy-ion Monte Carlo (MC) event generator. Definition of new observables and development of new tools (based on quark/gluon jet substructure variables via machine-learning techniques) with increased sensitivity to the physical mechanisms involved in jet-QGP interactions.

  • Address the “proton-radius puzzle” via combined data-theory analyses of new results in atomic spectroscopy (laser spectroscopy of Hydrogen molecules and molecular ions, muonic atoms, He+ ions, positronium, and muonium) and very-low momentum transfer (Q2) lepton-proton elastic scattering at various energies.

  • Address the “neutron stars hyperon puzzle” (contradiction between the observation of 2-solarmasses neutron stars and microscopical predictions of a softening of the nuclear equation-of-state due to the presence of strange-quark hadrons) through combined theoretical and experimental studies of (anti)hypernuclei and bound strange-meson systems produced in hadronic collisions at various c.m. energies.

  • Development of combined software, data sharing, and methodologies in lattice QCD theory across Europe along 4 axes: (i) hadron spectroscopy and structure, (ii) hadrons under extreme conditions, (iii) hadrons in the SM and beyond, (iv) novel numerical algorithms and computing for lattice hadron physics.

  • Extraction of QGP transport coefficients from new high-precision theoretical calculations and experimental measurements of the production of open and closed heavy flavour (HF) quarks (charm and beauty) in A-A collisions at the LHC. Accurate measurements of total c-cbar, b-bbar cross sections in p-p, p-A and A-A collisions. Development of a new data-theory interface (with a Rivet-like standard format) to compare event-byevent experimental results to MC predictions.

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 824093

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